MonsterInsights Glossary

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__gaTracker Compatibility
A configuration of Google Analytics so that the tracker is extensible. Extensions to the __gaTracker will not break Google Analytics.

A

A/B Test
alias: ‘split test’, ‘split-run testing’, ‘bucket tests’

A/B testing is a controlled experiment with two variants (A and B). In web design, the goal of A/B testing is to find changes to web pages that increase certain behaviors or conversions. These can include click-through rate for banner advertisements, form conversions, or sales.

A/B Testing is available with Google Optimize in the Optimize Addon as part of the Pro Tier of the Paid Package.


Account

An account is required in Google Analytics. It contains 1 or more websites (or apps) also known as properties. Users can have multiple Analytics accounts, each of which may contain multiple properties. A user is required to have at least one account.


Addon

An Addon is a specific feature which can be purchased and extend the functionality of your MonsterInsights tracking. eCommerce Tracking is an example of an Addon.

Addons come with the Plus Package and the Pro Package of the paid tiers of MonsterInsights


Ads Tracking

MonsterInsights Ads Tracking Addon gives you a clear understanding of your Google AdSense data at a glance, so that you can optimize your ads for maximum revenue.

Ads tracking is available in the Plus Package of MonsterInsights.


Affiliate links are a form of advertising where the advertiser pays fee typically for a percentage of the sales and/or a fixed price per click. Affiliate link tracking tracks the clicks of the affiliate links by creating an event. This enables publishers to track and optimize the effectiveness of their affiliate marketing campaigns.

Affiliate Link Tracking is available as an Addon for MonsterInsights.


Analytics

Analytics is the discovery, interpretation, and communication of meaningful patterns in data. Especially valuable in areas rich with recorded information, analytics relies on the simultaneous application of statistics, computer programming and operations research to quantify performance.

[Source: Wikipedia.]


Author Tracking

Author tracking allows you to see which authors are getting the best results by adding a Custom Dimension of Author in Google Analytics.

Available in the Custom Dimensions Addon, which comes as part of the Pro Tier of the MonsterInsights paid package.


B

Bounce Rate

A website’s bounce rate is the percentage of users who leave a site immediately after entering it without an engagement of any kind like clicking through to another page.

Bounce rates are a statistic site owners should attempt to keep low. Bounce rates are a measure of user engagement.


C

Campaign

A campaign is any work in an organized and active way toward a particular marketing goal. By tracking each marketing effort in its own campaign, these efforts can be discretely measured and optimized.

Examples include email campaigns, ad campaigns, and social media campaigns. For tracking such campaigns, use the URL Builder to add campaign parameters to your links.

See also: Campaign Parameters and URL Builder.


Campaign Content

alias: ‘utm_content’

Campaign Content is one of the Campaign Parameters available in the URL Builder. Used for A/B testing and content-targeted ads. Use utm_content to differentiate ads or links that point to the same URL.

Examples: logolink or textlink.


Campaign Medium

alias: ‘utm_medium’

Campaign Medium is one of the Campaign Parameters available in the URL Builder. Used to identify the marketing medium like email, cost-per-clicksocial, or banner.

Properly attribute your visits to the campaign medium by adding this parameter in the URL Builder to utm_medium to track the campaign medium in Google Analytics.

Example:

https://www.example.com/?utm_source=summer-mailer&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=summer-sale


Campaign Name

alias: ‘utm_campaign’

Campaign Name is one of the Campaign Parameters available in the URL Builder. Used for keyword analysis. Use utm_campaign to identify a specific product promotion or strategic campaign.

Example: utm_campaign=spring_sale.


Campaign Parameters

Campaign Parameters in Google Analytics include:

Source
Medium
Name
Content
Term

Campaign Parameters are available in the URL Builder. Adding these parameters to a URL allow you to capture reporting data about the referring campaign.

See Also: Campaigns.


Campaign Source

alias: ‘utm_source’

Campaign Source is one of the Campaign Parameters available in the URL Builder. Use utm_source to identify a search engine, newsletter name, or another source.

Example: utm_source=google.

Campaign source is the only required parameter in the URL Builder to be added to the URL.


Campaign Term

alias: ‘utm_term’

Campaign Source is one of the Campaign Parameters available in the URL Builder. Used for paid search. Use utm_term to note the keywords for this ad.

Example: utm_term=running+shoes.


Category Tracking

Category tracking allows you to see which sections of your sites are the most popular. Category tracking adds a Custom Dimension of ‘category’ in Google Analytics.

It comes in the Custom Dimensions Addon, which comes as part of the Pro Tier of the MonsterInsights paid package.


Client ID

alias: ‘CID’

The Client ID anonymously indicates a user, device, or browser instance. For a website, it’s typically stored as a cookie with a two-year expiration. For Android and iPhone apps it’s randomly generated for each instance of a particular application.

See also: User ID.


alias: ‘Internet Cookie’, ‘Browser Cookie’, ‘Web Cookie’

A cookie is a tiny file sent from a website. It’s stored on the visitors’ computer by their browser while they are visiting the site. Users can clear or turn off cookies in their browser. However clearing cookies will typically sign a user out off all of their sites such as Facebook, Email, etc.

The Google Analytics uses Cookies to “remember” what a user has done on previous pages and interactions of the site. Clearing cookies will end any Google Analytics’ tracking sessions for that user.

See also: EU Cookie Law.


Custom Code

Custom code is any HTML or code option you can use to extend or enhance the analytics data of our plugin.

There is a custom code section under:

Insights » Settings » Tracking » Compatibility that allows you to add a line of code, before the _trackPageview call.

Another example of custom code for Google Analytics is adding event tracking onClick.


Custom dimensions

A Dimension is a qualitative attribute of your data. Dimensions are coupled with metrics to generate reports.

The MonsterInsights Custom Dimensions Addon allows you to create additional dimensions viewable in Google Analytics. MonsterInsights allows you to choose from several custom dimension types. They are:

See also: How to set up Custom Dimensions.


D

Demographics

Enabling demographics allows you to find out information about the age, gender, and interests of your users.

See also: How to Collect User and Demographics Data in Google Analytics.


Dimensions

Dimensions are attributes of your data. For example, the dimension City indicates the city, for example, “Paris” or “New York,” from which a session originates. The dimension “Page” indicates the URL of a viewed page.

[Source: support.google.com.]

Dimensions and metrics are necessary to generate reports in Google Analytics.


Downloads Tracking

MonsterInsights allow you to accurately track your file downloads with Google Analytics.

Find out exactly how many times each file has been downloaded without touching a single line of code.

See also: File Download Tracking.


E

eCommerce tracking

Understanding your audience is crucial to the success of your eCommerce store. This will help you understand your customers and optimize your store for more sales. MonsterInsights eCommerce Addon helps you add Google Analytics eCommerce tracking to your WordPress WooCommerce and Easy Digital Downloads store.

See also: Ecommerce Tracking.


Engagement

Engagement Tracking in MonsterInsights allows you to track, or ignore users who are logged in. By Default, MonsterInsights ignores user roles of Administrator and Editor.

Additionally, MonsterInsights allows you to track outbound clicks and download links. You’ll see where users are exiting your site, and what downloads they are interacting with.

MonsterInsights also tracks top posts and pages. Other metrics of engagement Google Analytics tracks by default include Bounce Rate and Pages Visited. eCommerce product purchases and forms tracking are additional metrics of engagement available with the Pro Paid Plans.


Enhanced eCommerce

The enhanced eCommerce plug-in for analytics.js enables the measurement of user interactions with products on eCommerce websites across the user’s shopping experience, including product impressions, product clicks, viewing product details, adding a product to a shopping cart, initiating the checkout process, transactions, and refunds.

See also: developers.google.com.


If you have 2 or more links to the same destination from one page, Enhanced Link Attribution will show you which link is getting the most clicks.

You can see which button on your landing page is the most effective, or which call-to-action link from a blog post is generating the most leads.

Read more: Enhanced Link Attribution.


Alias: ‘ePrivacy Directive’, ‘Cookie Law’

It deals with the regulation of a number of important issues such as confidentiality of information, treatment of traffic data, spam and cookies. This Directive has been amended by Directive 2009/136, which introduces several changes, especially in what concerns cookies, that are now subject to prior consent.

[Source: Wikipedia.org.]


Alias: ‘European Union General Data Protection Regulation’

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) replaces the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC and was designed to harmonize data privacy laws across Europe, to protect and empower all EU citizens data privacy and to reshape the way organizations across the region approach data privacy. The key articles of the GDPR, as well as information on its business impact, can be found throughout this site.

[Source: eugdpr.org.]


Event Action

One of the two required components of an event hit (the other is “category“). An Event hit includes a value for each component, and these values are displayed in your reports.

Examples include:

  • Download
  • Click
  • Submission
  • Pageview

For our Outbound Link Tracking Events, the event category is “outbound-link” the event action is the link URL, the Event Label is the link text.


Event Category

One of the two required components of an event hit (the other is “action“). An Event hit includes a value for each component, and these values are displayed in your reports.

Examples include “File” (download), “Link” (click), “form” (submission or pageview)


Event Label

Providing an event label is one of the two optional components of an event hit (the other is event “value“). An event hit includes a value for each component, and these values are displayed in your reports. Can include file name, title or URL.


Event Tracking

Events are user interactions with content that can be tracked independently from a web page or a screen load. Downloads, mobile ad clicks, gadgets, Flash elements, AJAX embedded elements, and video plays are all examples of actions you might want to track as Events.

An Event has the following components. An Event hit includes a value for each component, and these values are displayed in your reports.


Event Value

Can be set to a number like 0, 1, 10, etc. Only integers are valid.


F

Facebook Instant Articles

Your Instant Articles pages will load up to 10 times faster than standard mobile pages. Readers are 70% less likely to abandon your content due to the faster load time. Facebook Instant Articles for MonsterInsights adds your Google Analytics tracking to Instant Articles.

The Facebook Instance Article technology competes with Google’s Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP) project.


Filters

Filters limit or change the data in a Google Analytics reporting view. For example, you can use filters to exclude traffic from particular IP addresses, include only data from specific subdomains or directories, or convert dynamic page URLs to readable text strings. [Source: support.google.com.]

Types of Reporting-view filters:

  • Include and exclude filters
  • Search-and-replace filters
  • Advanced filters
  • Exclude internal traffic
  • Filter domain referrals
  • Filter on geography
  • Custom filter fields
  • Social Network filters

Note filters are destructive: once data has been filtered from a view it can never be recovered. For this reason, we always recommend alternatives to Reporting-view filters.

See also: Segments.


Focus Keyword tracking

If you’re using the Yoast plugin for SEO, you can analyze the Focus Keywords of your posts and pages in Google Analytics. Comes available in the Custom Dimensions Addon in the Pro Tier of the Paid Package.

See also: How to set up Custom Dimensions.


Forms tracking

Enable tracking of your form views, submissions, and conversions rates.


G

Google AMP

The Accelerated Mobile Pages Project (AMP) is an open-source initiative. AMP aims to improve the performance of web content and ads through a publishing technology known as AMP.

[Source: Wikipedia.]

AMP Includes 3 components:

  • AMP HTML: HTML with some restrictions for reliable performance.
  • AMP JS: library ensures the fast rendering of AMP HTML pages.
  • AMP Cache: The Google AMP Cache can be used to serve cached AMP HTML pages.

[Source: ampproject.org.]

Google AMP is a competitor to Facebook Instant Articles.


Google Analytics

Google Analytics is a freemium analytics service that tracks and reports website and app traffic.


Google Analytics dashboard

Dashboards are a collection of widgets that give you an overview of the reports and metrics you care about most. Dashboards let you track many metrics at once. Check the health of your accounts and see correlations between different reports. Dashboards are easy to create, customize and share.

[Source: support.google.com.]


Google Optimize

Google Optimize is a product that allows you to test different variations of your website. You can tailor it to deliver a personalized experience that works best for each customer and your business.

See Also: A/B Test.


H

Hit

A hit is and an interaction that results in data being sent to Analytics. Common hit types include page tracking hits, event tracking hits, and eCommerce hits. Each time the tracking code is triggered by a user’s behavior (for example, when a user loads a page on a website or a screen in a mobile app), Analytics records that activity.

[Source: support.google.com.]


I

IP address filter

Filter out visitors including people on your corporate network.

MonsterInsights minimizes the need for this by not tracking logged in users. Additionally, we and strongly recommend against filters.


L

Logged in tracking

The Logged in custom dimension keeps track of whether your visitors are logged in to your site or not. However, it doesn’t track individual users.

In Google Analytics, a custom dimension allows you to create a custom report. You can choose ‘Logged in’ as your primary dimension and customize the report per your needs.

See also: User-ID tracking vs Logged-in Custom Dimension.


M

Metrics

Metrics are quantitative measurements. The metric Sessions is the total number of sessions. The metric Pages/Session is the average number of pages viewed per session.

Metrics, along with Dimensions are the building-blocks of Reports in Google Analytics.


O

Outbound link tracking allows you to see where your users go to when they leave your site. Outbound link tracking is measured using events tracking in Google Analytics. It is one of the measures of engagement that MonsterInsights makes it exceptionally easy to set up.


P

Page Views

A pageview or impression is a request to load a single HTML file (web page) of a site. In Google Analytics, multiple pageviews and js events are organized into user sessions to better make sense of user behavior.


Performance

For high-performance sites, our Performance Addon allows you to adjust site speed and sample rate for Google Analytics.

When you are running a high traffic site, you may hit the Google Analytics processing limit. To stay within that limit the MonsterInsights Performance Addon gives you the ability to make sample rate and site speed sample rate adjustments.

If you only sample 50% of site visitors, you will only see 50% of visitors in your Google Analytics (and you may see a 50% drop in visits). For this reason, adjusting the sample rate is only recommended for sites in danger of hitting the processing limit.

See also: The Performance Addon.


Permissions

Permissions in MonsterInsights gives you control over which user roles have permission to view reports, edit settings, and more.

See also: How to allow user roles to access the MonsterInsights Reports and Settings.


Popular post Tracking

Popular Post tracking allows you to see which posts are the most popular in MonsterInsights.

See also: Popular Post Tracking.


Post Type Tracking

If you have several custom post types in your WordPress site, you can track the performance of each post type. Post Type Tracking adds a custom dimension to many reports in GA. It is available in the Custom Dimension Addon. The Custom Dimensions Addon comes as part of the Pro Tier of the MonsterInsights paid package.


Primary Dimension

The Primary dimensions are listed at the top of the data table in an Analytics report.

See also: dimensions.


Property

A property is a website or web application in Google Analytics. Properties are required to be contained in an account.


Published At Dimension Tracking

Published At tracking allows you to see what publishing times are getting the best results. Enabling Published At tracking adds a custom dimension of date and time the page or post was published in Google Analytics.

Available in the Custom Dimensions Addon, which comes as part of the Pro Tier of the MonsterInsights paid package.


R

Referral Tracking

Find out what URL each visitor is coming from, so you can focus your efforts on what works.

Reports

Every report in Analytics is made up of dimensions and metrics.

Dimensions are attributes of your data. Metrics are quantitative measurements. Every report has a primary dimension. In most Analytics reports, you can change the dimension and add a secondary dimension.

See also: Dimensions and Metrics.


S

Scope

Scope determines which hits will be associated with a particular custom-dimension value. There are four levels of scope: product, hit, session, and user:

  • Product – value is applied to the product for which it has been set (Enhanced eCommerce only).
  • Hit – value is applied to the single hit for which it has been set.
  • Session – value is applied to all hits in a single session.
  • User – value is applied to all hits in current and future sessions until value changes or custom dimension is made inactive.

[Source: support.google.com.]


Secondary Dimension

In many reports, a secondary dimension can be added to the already-visible Primary Dimension and Metrics (reports are always comprised of a Primary Dimension and Metrics).

However, not every dimension can be coupled to every other secondary dimension. Each dimension and metric has a scope: user-level, session-level, or hit-level. Typically, you can only combine dimensions and metrics that share the same scope. For example, Sessions is a session-based metric so it can only be used with session-level dimensions like Source or City. It would be nonsensical to combine Sessions with a hit-level dimension like Page.

[Source: support.google.com.]

See also: Dimensions.


Segments

A segment is a subset of your Analytics data. For example, of your entire set of users, one segment might be users from a particular country or city. Another segment might be users who purchase a particular line of products or who visit a specific part of your site.

[Source: support.google.com.]


SEO Score tracking

Using the Yoast SEO? Our Custom Dimensions Addon allows you to create a Custom Dimension for SEO Score as measured by Yoast SEO.

Custom Dimensions comes as part of the Pro Tier of the MonsterInsights paid package.


Session

A session is a set of visitor interactions with a website that takes place within a period of time. A session can contain many pageviews, events, form submissions, and eCommerce transactions.

One user can open multiple sessions. These sessions can occur on a single day, or over many days, weeks, or months. When a session ends, then a new session can be triggered by further activity on a site by the same user. There are two ways a session ends:

  1. Time-based expiration: either after 30 minutes of inactivity or at midnight.
  2. Campaign change: If a user arrives via one campaign, leaves, and then returns through a different campaign.

Short URL

A unique short URL redirects visitors to a long URL.

Effective for social media campaigns and more.

See Also: URL Shortener and URL.


T

Tags Tracking

Tags tracking in MonsterInsights creates a custom dimension of tag in Google analytics.

Available in the Custom Dimensions Addon, which comes as part of the Pro Tier of the MonsterInsights paid package.

See also: How to Track Tags and Categories in Google Analytics and Category Tracking.


U

Universal tracking / Universal Analytics

Older tracking methods track multiple sessions from the same user as unique users. Universal Tracker tracks multiple sessions from the same user as a single user.

A typical user today may see a site on their phone, then check out on their computer, and then browse it again on their tablet. Google Analytics’ Universal Tracking will track all of these sessions as a single user. Other tracking software is likely to show wildly inflated user counts.

See also: Universal Tracking.


URL

Universal resource locator: the web address for a webpage. The URL is entered in the address bar of the web browser.


URL Builder

The URL Builder is used to enhance tracking and statistics with GA. The URL builder helps you add parameters to your URLs you use in custom web-based or email ad campaigns. (A custom campaign is any ad campaign not using the AdWords auto-tagging feature.)  When users click one of the custom links, the unique parameters are sent to your Analytics account. This is so you can identify the URLs that are the most effective in attracting users to your content.

You can find it under Insights » Tools » URL Builder.

The URL Builder comes with all of our paid packages.


URL Shortener

URL Shorteners compress long URLs that include additional data. This data may include Google Analytics Campaign parameters and shortens the URL for a better user experience (UX).

The MonsterInsights’ URL shortener uses goo.gl. Others include bitly.com.

Redirectors do not filter bots and may have higher stats for that and other reasons when compared to your Google Analytics stats.


Usage tracking

Enabling usage tracking allows developers like MonsterInsights access to some anonymized usage data. This data allows us to better serve our customers in product testing and development. This data includes what percentage of our users are on outdated versions of WordPress and Google Analytics. This helps us make more informed decisions as we develop MonsterInsights.


User ID

Alias: ‘uid’

This is intended to be a known identifier for a user provided by the site owner/tracking library user. It must not itself be PII (personally identifiable information). The value should never be persisted in GA cookies or other Analytics provided storage.

[Source: developers.google.com.]

See also: CookieUser ID Tracking, and Client ID.


User ID tracking

You can track each logged-in user’s activity by setting User ID as a custom dimension. This is ideal for eCommerce and membership sites.

This replaces Google Analytics’ CID with WordPress’s User ID for logged in users.


utm_campaign

See: Campaign Name.


utm_content

See: Campaign Content.


utm_source

See: Campaign Source.


utm_term

See: Campaign Term.


V

View

A reporting view is the level in an Analytics account where you can access reports and analysis tools. Analytics automatically creates one unfiltered view for every property in your account. Additionally, you can add more views to a single property.

You can use filters to customize views and see only a subset of data in your reports. You might, for example, have one view to filter out all internal traffic, and another to include only activity from a specific website directory or subdomain.

[Source: support.google.com.]

However, we always recommend against the use of filters. We advocate for other methods such as segmentation. This is because the destructive nature of filters cause more problems than they solve for the majority of users.